Primary And Secondary Sources Of History Pdf

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History: Primary & Secondary Sources

This guide will introduce students to three types of resources or sources of information: primary, secondary, and tertiary. The Library of Congress refers to them as the "raw materials of history — original documents and objects which were created at the time under study. They are different from secondary sources, accounts or interpretations of events created by someone without firsthand experience. A primary source is most often created during the time the events you are studying occurred, such as newspaper articles from the period, correspondence, diplomatic records, original research reports and notes, diaries etc. They may also include items created after the events occurred, but that recount them such as autobiographies and oral histories.

In the study of history as an academic discipline, a primary source also called an original source is an artifact , document, diary, manuscript , autobiography , recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study. It serves as an original source of information about the topic. Similar definitions can be used in library science , and other areas of scholarship, although different fields have somewhat different definitions. In journalism , a primary source can be a person with direct knowledge of a situation, or a document written by such a person. Primary sources are distinguished from secondary sources , which cite, comment on, or build upon primary sources.

H istorical sources. Primary sources. Secondary sources. Sign in to OneSearch to access our full range of resources. Use OneSearch to search for:. They can therefore take into consideration other events and place a primary source in its historical context. Secondary sources are not evidence but rather commentary on and discussion of evidence.

Secondary source

Published on June 20, by Raimo Streefkerk. Revised on February 16, Primary sources provide raw information and first-hand evidence. Examples include interview transcripts, statistical data, and works of art. A primary source gives you direct access to the subject of your research.

Primary sources provide a first-hand account of an event or time period and are considered to be authoritative. They represent original thinking, reports on discoveries or events, or they can share new information. Often these sources are created at the time the events occurred but they can also include sources that are created later. They are usually the first formal appearance of original research. Secondary sources involve analysis, synthesis, interpretation, or evaluation of primary sources.

For a historical research project, secondary sources are generally scholarly books and articles. A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. Secondary sources may contain pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources. For a historical research project, secondary sources are most often scholarly books and articles. Some social sciences material is included. Search results extend back to

Primary and secondary sources

Imagine if the information world we live in today had no categories, no groupings, or labeling of any informational items. How would we find information? How would we organize information? How would we even understand the information being presented to us?

Sources of information or evidence are often categorized as primary, secondary, or tertiary material. These classifications are based on the originality of the material and the proximity of the source or origin. This informs the reader as to whether the author is reporting information that is first hand or is conveying the experiences and opinions of others which is considered second hand. Determining if a source is primary, secondary or tertiary can be tricky. Below you will find a description of the three categories of information and examples to help you make a determination.

Published on June 20, by Raimo Streefkerk.

Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Sources

In scholarship , a secondary source [1] [2] is a document or recording that relates or discusses information originally presented elsewhere. A secondary source contrasts with a primary source , which is an original source of the information being discussed; a primary source can be a person with direct knowledge of a situation or a document created by such a person. A secondary source is one that gives information about a primary source. In this source, the original information is selected, modified and arranged in a suitable format.

Both primary and secondary sources are useful and can help you learn about the past. In the strictest definition, primary sources are usually considered to be items like personal letters, diaries, records or other documents created during the period under study. But primary sources can also include photographs, jewelry, works of art, architecture, literature, music, clothing, and other artifacts. In a broader definition, primary sources can also be considered materials that provide first-hand accounts of the events, practices, or conditions you are researching.

Primary sources were either created during the time period being studied or were created at a later date by a participant in the events being studied as in the case of memoirs. They reflect the individual viewpoint of a participant or observer. Primary sources enable the researcher to get as close as possible to what actually happened during an historical event or time period. A secondary source is a work that interprets or analyzes an historical event or phenomenon. It is generally at least one step removed from the event is often based on primary sources. What is a Primary Source?


It is useful to understand the differences between these two types of sources. Primary Sources • are firsthand accounts created at the time a historical event.


 - Но у меня такое впечатление, что мы совершенно случайно обнаружили и нейтрализовали Северную Дакоту.  - Он покачал головой, словно не веря такую удачу.  - Чертовское везение, если говорить честно.

 - У нас внизу работают лучшие программисты в мире. И мы нашими совместными усилиями даже близко не подошли к математической функции меняющегося открытого текста. А вы хотите сказать, что какой-то панк с персональным компьютером придумал, как это сделать. Стратмор заговорил тише, явно желая ее успокоить: - Я бы не назвал этого парня панком. Но Сьюзан его не слушала.

 - Не судьба. Собор закрыт до утренней мессы.

5 Response
  1. Sabine B.

    has been made some time after the events, usually by someone who was not there. Examples of secondary sources include: • History textbooks, stories, or.

  2. Cansgaphisdo

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