Common Drugs And Their Antidotes Pdf

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Being knowledgeable about antidotes is critical especially during times of emergencies so you can quickly reverse overdosage effects of the used drug. Antidotes have long been used since the ancient times.

List of Drug Antidotes in Pharmacology!

An antidote is a substance that can counteract a form of poisoning. Antidotes for anticoagulants are sometimes referred to as reversal agents. The antidotes for some particular toxins are manufactured by injecting the toxin into an animal in small doses and extracting the resulting antibodies from the host animals' blood. This results in an antivenom that can be used to counteract venom produced by certain species of snakes , spiders , and other venomous animals.

Some animal venoms, especially those produced by arthropods such as certain spiders , scorpions , and bees are only potentially lethal when they provoke allergic reactions and induce anaphylactic shock ; as such, there is no "antidote" for these venoms; however anaphylactic shock can be treated e. Some other toxins have no known antidote. For example, the poison aconitine — a highly poisonous alkaloid derived from various aconite species — has no antidote, and as a result, is often fatal if it enters the human body in sufficient quantities.

Ingested poisons are frequently treated by the oral administration of activated charcoal , which absorbs the poison and flushes it from the digestive tract, thereby removing a large part of the toxin. This should not be confused with the use of a tourniquet which cuts off blood flow completely — often leading to the loss of the limb. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Antidote disambiguation.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. West J Emerg Med. The Crispr. Retrieved Gregory; Seymour, Jamie E. Nature Communications.

Major chemical drug groups. Emollients Cicatrizants Antipruritics Antipsoriatics Medicated dressings. Anticancer agents Antimetabolites Alkylating Spindle poisons Antineoplastic Topoisomerase inhibitors. Immunomodulators Immunostimulants Immunosuppressants. Decongestants Bronchodilators Cough medicines H 1 antagonists. Ophthalmologicals Otologicals. Antidotes Contrast media Radiopharmaceuticals Dressings Senotherapeutics.

Antidotes V03AB. Metadoxine , Thiamine. Bemegride Ethamivan. Cyprodenate Flumazenil. Physostigmine SCH Digoxin immune fab. Dimercaprol Succimer. Calcium gluconate. Primary alcohols: Ethanol Fomepizole. Acetylcysteine Glutathione Methionine. Dimercaprol Edetates Prussian blue. Copper sulfate Ipecacuanha Syrup of ipecac. History of poison Toxinology. Aquatic toxicology Ecotoxicology Occupational toxicology Entomotoxicology Environmental toxicology Forensic toxicology Medical toxicology In vitro toxicology Toxicogenomics.

Biological warfare Carcinogen Food safety Hazard symbol List of extremely hazardous substances Mutagen Occupational safety and health. Category Commons WikiProject. Categories : Antidotes. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from January All articles needing additional references Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with faulty LNB identifiers. Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Activated charcoal with sorbitol.

Theophylline or Caffeine. Adenosine receptor agonist poisoning. Antimuscarinic drugs e. Organophosphate and carbamate insecticides, nerve agents , some poison mushrooms. Calcium chloride [5]. Calcium channel blocker toxicity , [5] black widow spider bites. Calcium gluconate [5]. Calcium channel blocker toxicity , [5] hydrofluoric acid burns. Cyanide antidotes hydroxocobalamin , amyl nitrite , sodium nitrite , or thiosulfate.

Digoxin Immune Fab antibody Digibind and Digifab. Digoxin poisoning , Oleander ingestion [6]. Diphenhydramine hydrochloride and benztropine mesylate. Extrapyramidal reactions associated with antipsychotics. Ethylene glycol poisoning and methanol poisoning. Benzodiazepine overdose.

Carbon monoxide poisoning and cyanide poisoning. Reversal of dabigatran etexilate , an anticoagulant. Beta blocker poisoning and calcium channel blocker poisoning.

Methotrexate , trimethoprim and pyrimethamine overdose. Local Anesthetic toxicity. Treatment of conditions that cause methemoglobinemia. Naloxone hydrochloride. Paracetamol acetaminophen poisoning. Oral hypoglycemic agents. Pralidoxime chloride 2-PAM. When given with Atropine: Organophosphate insecticides, nerve agents , some poison mushrooms.

Isoniazid poisoning, ethylene glycol, accidental hydrazine exposure E. G from Gyromitra mushrooms. Phytomenadione vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma. Warfarin overdose and some but not all rodenticides. Look up antidote in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Alcohol intoxication Metadoxine , Thiamine. Beta blocker Glucagon. Arsenic poisoning Dimercaprol Succimer.

Common Drugs and Their Antidotes

Antidotes are substances used to reverse the effects of poisoning. Remember, the only difference between a medicine and a poison is the dose. Of course, some antidotes are used to treat more than one type of poisoning. Activated charcoal is probably the best example. Activated charcoal can be used to reverse the effects of many different oral toxins. However, for maximum effect it should be administered shortly after the poisoning has taken place. The longer the delay, the more poison is absorbed into the body, and the less ability activated charcoal has to adsorb toxin in the gastrointestinal tract.

For medical centers choosing to stock antidotes, the suggested stocking level is based on the dose needed to treat a single kg patient for 8 hours and for 24 hours [Adapted from Dart RC, et al. May require large amounts in severe cholinesterase inhibitor poisoning. Also stocked in the Strategic National Stockpile: for mass casualties, the SNS may provide supplies for first 48 hours coordinated by state department of health and emergency response system. Can cause tissue necrosis if extravasation occurs — use large vein for infusion or use calcium gluconate see below. Conventional cyanide antidote: contains mL mg vial of sodium nitrite, mL If used alone for cyanide toxicity, may have a slow onset of action.

Levi is up all night to study for her exams. She sighs in frustration as she reads the third paragraph over and over and still not get it. Oh sure, she really wants to be a nurse, but Pharma is just not one of her favorite subjects. Memorizing all those drugs, classifications and dosages give her a terrible headache. How will she be able to remember all these when it comes to the nursing board? With all the difficulty that she is experiencing in this subject, she fears that she might fail.

List of Antidotes of Common Poisonings reported to the National Poisons (​nitrites, nitrates dapsone, copper, aniline, chlorates naphthalene etc). Drugs. • Opie.

List of Drug Antidotes in Pharmacology!

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1 Response
  1. Cho G.

    An antidote is a drug, chelating substance, or a chemical that counteracts neutralizes the effects of another drug or a poison.

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