Goat Diseases And Treatment In Hindi Pdf

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Babesia is a tiny parasite that infects your red blood cells. Infection with Babesia is called babesiosis.

Anhrax, a highly infectious and fatal disease of cattle, is caused by a relatively large spore-forming rectangular shaped bacterium called Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax causes acute mortality in ruminants. The bacteria produce extremely potent toxins which are responsible for the ill effects, causing a high mortality rate.

Health Information in Hindi (हिन्दी)

Potassium permanganate in 1 liter of water and wash the mouth 2 to 3 times a day with this solution. About this disease It is an acute highly contagious viral disease of small ruminants characterized by fever, loss of appetite, stomatitis, gastroenteritis and pneumonitis. The disease is markedly evident in goat and sheep are less susceptible. TOP Sheep pox About this disease. Home About Us Contact Us. This disease mostly affects sheep and goat and cattle are very rarely affected.

Blue tongue is endemic in India. It is basically a disease of sheep and young sheep within the age group of one year are more prone to infection. Suckling lambs are relatively resistant due to their acquired passive immunity through colostrum. The disease occurs mainly during the rainy season particularly in the months of October, November and December. Causes It is caused by Arthropod-borne orbi virus in the family of Reoviridae. Biting insect of the genus of the Culicoides transmits the virus during the rainy season while blood sucking.

Mosquitoes and other ectoparasites like sheep ked , Melophagus ovinus may transmit the disease mechanically. The disease is more prevalent in late summer and early autumn which makes conducive environment for the multiplication of the vectors. Transmission through semen and placental route is possible. The virus is resistant to decomposition, desiccation and against antiseptic agents. Clinical symptoms Fever Depressed attitude and off feed.

Congestion of conjunctival mucous membranes and matting of eyelids, Foul smelling diarrhoea. Dyspnoea, snoring and Pneumonia may be observed. Death due to respiratory failure. Suggested first aid Separation of sick animals should be made. Affected animals should be kept away from solar exposure. Adequate rest to the affected animal. Affected animals should be fed with porridge made of rice, ragi and kambu.

Apply glycerin or animal fat on the ulcers. Immediate consultation should be made to the nearest qualified veterinary doctor for treatment. Animals should not be allowed for grazing. Contact your nearest Veterinary Assistant Surgeons for further advice regarding the antibiotic administration or symptomatic treatment to be given to the affected sheep.

Contact nearest Veterinary Assistant Surgeons for ring vaccination in the event of outbreak of disease. General prevention and control measures Proper Vaccination of animals with regular intervals.

Use of ectoparasiticides injections should be suggested in the areas more prone to vector population. Grazing of the animals should be avoided in areas where there is lot of vectors. Cattle may act as carrier. Viraemic stage remains in them for more than 5 weeks.

So movements of cattle should be restricted. Importation of animals from the areas prevailing the disease should be avoided. Strict regulation is to be followed to prevent entry of diseased animals from endemic zones.

The spread of the disease can be controlled by the use of insect repellents, external application of fly repellents and spraying of butox 1ml in 1 liter of water in the breeding places of the insects. The sheep can be housed in insect proof sheds. TOP Peste-des-Petits Ruminants PPR About this disease It is an acute highly contagious viral disease of small ruminants characterized by fever, loss of appetite, stomatitis, gastroenteritis and pneumonitis.

Causes The disease is caused by Moribillivirus of Paramyxoviridae family. Natural transmission occurs primarily through direct contact with infected sheep and goat. Transmission may take place through contaminated food, water, beddings and other appliances. Secretions and excretions are rich source of virus and spread of the disease take place through their contamination.

Faeces are the main spreading agent and through it the disease may occur in epidemic proportion. The disease may spread in a flock through introduction of newly purchased sick animal from market. There is no carrier state in animals; the spread of the disease is possible through animals with subclinical infection. Ingestion of infected material is the main way of transmission but it may also take place through inhalation and contact with ocular secretions.

The disease is not transmitted through insect vectors. Wild ruminants have been suspected to play a role in the spreading of this disease. The animal will show dull coat, dry muzzle and inappetance. There will be profuse serous nasal discharge accompanied by sneezing and coughing. The discharge may be crust like, hard and matt the nasal and ocular surroundings.

Congestion of conjunctival mucous membranes and matting of eye lids. Signs of pneumonia and animal may die due to respiratory distress. Diarrhoeic faeces may contain mucus and blood. Pregnant goat may abort. Most of the animals recover and death may occur in few of them.

Ulcers in the mouth can be treated with saline water or dissolve 1g of Potassium permanganate in 1 liter of water and wash the mouth 2 to 3 times per day with this solution. Contact your nearest Veterinary Assistant Surgeons for further advice regarding the antibiotic administration or symptomatic treatment to be given to the affected animals.

General control and prevention management Regular and proper vaccination of animals. It is susceptible to most disinfectants, e. Restriction should be made for introduction of new animals in a flock especially in areas where the disease is prevalent. Sick animals bought from market should not be introduced without observation for a definite period. Sick animals should be segregated and treated with serum along with conservative management.

Quarantine measures should be strictly attended in imported sheep and goat before introduction. TOP Sheep pox About this disease It is an acute to chronic viral disease of sheep and goats characterized by generalized pox lesions throughout the skin and mucous membranes.

All breeds of sheep and goats irrespective of age and sex are affected. It is possible to infect goats with sheep pox virus and sheep with goat pox virus. Sheep are naturally susceptible to sheep pox. Younger sheep are more susceptible over old ones. Disease occurrence period is April- June. Causes It is caused by a member of the genus Capri pox virus, pox viridae family. Cutaneous lesions crust, nodules resulting in aerosols, saliva, faeces, nasal secretions from sick animals for months and dried scabs at ambient temperature may be the source for spread of virus.

Susceptible to highly alkaline or acid PH and virus remains viable for as long as six months. The usual mode of transmission is from direct contact with the infected animal. Indirect transmission by contaminated litter, fodder, water and attendants may spread the virus through mechanical ways. The virus may gain entrance through wound and abrasions. The virus may present in skin papules. While the affected animals rub their body on other animals, the virus is passed directly to susceptible animals.

The biting insects mechanical vectors may inoculate the virus intradermaly or subcutaneously. Aerosol or droplet infection is quite possible. Dog, cat etc. The virus may pass from infected mother to the foetus through placenta.

Clinical symptoms Skin papules appear in days following temperature and first appear on the hairless parts of the skin. Soon after development of papules rhinitis, conjunctivitis may be observed. Papules like pock lesions appear in all the parts of the body, e.

The eyelids are swollen and they may completely cover the eye ball. Mucopurulent discharges from eyes and nose. Animals become weak, disoriented and eventually unable to stand. The mucous membrane of the eyes, nose, lips, vulva and prepuce become necrotic. Animals die due to the development of labored breathing as a result of broncho-pneumonia. Animals that survive develop scab and shed over a period of weeks, leaving a raw granulating area. Suggested first aid Isolation of infected herds and sick animals for at least 45 days after recovery.

Strict sanitary measures are to be adopted. Contact nearest Veterinary Assistant Surgeon for further treatment. General control and preventive measures Regular vaccination of animals. Quarantine before introduction into herds. Animal traffic from the infected areas is to be prevented.

Everything You Should Know About Babesia

Room , St. Overuse or inappropriate use of antibiotics in agriculture has been implicated in the development of antibiotic resistant bacteria, a significant and growing public health threat. In a previous study, we found that Missouri goats had a higher percentage of antibiotic residues at slaughter than predicted based on the national average, so we undertook this study to understand contributing factors. Our findings highlighted the need for more emphasis on goat health management during veterinary education and the need for improved working relationships between veterinarians and farmers to promote appropriate antibiotic use and prevent the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. Use of low dose, prophylactic antibiotics contributes to the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. In one study, goat meat in Missouri was found to have a higher percentage of antibiotic residues at slaughter than the national average, so we attempted to identify factors related to goat production that may contribute to this issue. Using the knowledge, attitude, and behavior KAB model, we interviewed 11 Missouri goat farmers about factors affecting antibiotic use.

Common animal diseases and their management

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Potassium permanganate in 1 liter of water and wash the mouth 2 to 3 times a day with this solution. About this disease It is an acute highly contagious viral disease of small ruminants characterized by fever, loss of appetite, stomatitis, gastroenteritis and pneumonitis. The disease is markedly evident in goat and sheep are less susceptible. TOP Sheep pox About this disease. Home About Us Contact Us.

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