Pipe Joints And Fittings Pdf

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A fitting or adapter is used in pipe systems to connect straight sections of pipe or tube , adapt to different sizes or shapes, and for other purposes such as regulating or measuring fluid flow. Fittings especially uncommon types require money, time, materials, and tools to install, and are an important part of piping and plumbing systems. Standard codes are followed when designing or manufacturing a piping system. Organizations which promulgate piping standards include:. The B

Types of Pipe Joints in Plumbing

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You will receive a link and will create a new password via email. Sorry, you do not have permission to ask a question, You must login to ask question. Become VIP Member. Various types of pipe fittings are available in plumbing systems for different purposes and functions. A pipe fitting is used in plumbing system to join multiple pipes of same size or different sizes, to regulate the flow or to measure the flow. They are made up of different materials like copper, iron, brass, PVC etc.

Elbows are used to change the direction of flow between two pipes. Elbows are generally available with an angle of If pipes are of same diameter then normal elbows are used otherwise Reducer elbows are used. Elbows are made of different materials. These are generally coming with female threads and we can fix them by butt or socket welding also.

Reducer is a pipe fitting component which reduces the flow size from larger to smaller by reducing size of pipe. Usually there are two types of reducers are available. One is concentric reducer which is like cone shaped with gradual decreasing around the pipe but in this case accumulation of air may possible and it results in cavitation.

Other one is eccentric reducer which is having one edge parallel to connecting pipe due to which air accumulation is not possible. Tee type fitting is a component of plumbing system which is in T-shape. It is having one inlet and two outlets, outlets are arranged at 90 o to the main line connection inlet.

It can also be used to combine the flow from two inlets to one outlet. They are also available in different materials and different sizes. If the 3 sides of T-fitting are similar in size then it is called as Equal tee otherwise it is called as Unequal tee. Cross type fittings contains 4 opening in 4 directions. These are connected when there are 4 pipes are meeting at a point.

These fittings generate more amount of stress on pipe as the temperature changes, because they are located at the center of four connection points. Cross fittings are generally used for fire sprinkler systems. A coupling is used to connect the pipes of same diameter. Coupling are also useful if the pipe is broken or leakage occurs.

Generally there are two types of couplings are available. Compression coupling and slip coupling. Compression coupling is regular coupling which is connected between two pipes and it prevents leakage by the arrangement of gaskets or rubber seals on both sides, otherwise glue is provided. Slip coupling is easier to install and it contains two pipes which are arranged as one into other, inner pipe can slide up to some length.

So, we can fix long length damaged pipe by slip coupling. Union is a type of fitting, which functions as similar to coupling. But coupling cannot be removed after fixing but in this case we can remove the union whenever we needed.

Unions consists nut, male and female ended threads. So, this is also useful for maintaining purpose of pipe. If the pipes are not having special ends or plain ends then adaptors make them threaded either male or female whichever is needed. Adopters are generally used for copper and PVC pipes.

Male adapters contain male threads and female adapters contains female threads. One end of adapter is plain which is glued or welded or soldered to the plain pipe end. Olets are used when there is standard sizes of fittings are not suitable for our requirement.

Sometimes the inlet pipe size is larger compared to outlet pipes in t-sections then also Olets are used. There are many types of olets are available. Some important types of olets are:. Plug is a component of plumbing component which is generally used to close pipe opening during inspections and repairs.

Plug are generally contains male threads. Cap is a type of pipe fitting which function is same as plug but the only difference is plug contain male threads and cap contain female threads which is screws on the male thread of pipe. These are available in different materials like rubber, copper, steel, plastic etc. Valves are components of plumbing system which are used to stop or regulate flow of fluid in its path. Different types of valves are available depending up on their applications.

Types of Plumbing Pipes used in Building Construction. Types of Pipe Joints in Plumbing System. Types of Plumbing and Drainage Systems in Buildings. Sign Up Sign Up to The Constructor to ask questions, answer questions, write articles, and connect with other people. Have an account? Sign In Now. Free Signup or Login to continue Reading Remember Me! Don't have account, Sign Up Here.

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Types of Pipe Fittings Used in Piping

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fittings like elbow, union, gasket, etc., joints and valves, and where these should disposal of water is known as a pipe fitting (Fig. ). Type of.


Types of Pipe Fittings Used in Piping

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Pipe Fittings are Piping component that helps in Changes the direction of the flow such as elbows, tees. Changes the size of the pipe such as reducers, reducing tees. Connect different components such as couplings and stop the flows such as Caps.

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Flanges, couplings and joints

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Types of Pipe Fittings Used in Piping

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Polyethylene pipelines require various PE fittings according to type of application. At the moment, the butt thermal connection is used for the main projects of HDPE piping and the flange connection is used for special fittings. HDPE Fitting cataloge dwonload here and use this fitting in hdpe pipeline project. Toggle navigation.

Look Inside. This standard describes 3- to in. Requirements for fittings with mechanical joints and flanged joints are listed in Tables 3 through 21 at the end of this standard. This standard may also be used for fittings with push-on joints or such other joints as may be agreed on at the time of purchase. For the 3- to in.

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