File Name: emotional differences between male and female .zip
The relationship between gender and emotional expression describes differences in how men and women express their emotions. A prevalent gender stereotype is that women are naturally more emotionally expressive than men,  and are naturally more prone to express discrete emotions such as happiness, fear, disgust, and sadness. However, psychological research has concluded that the observed emotional differences between men and women primarily stem from socialized gender roles , rather than biology.
- Gender differences in perceptions of emotionality: The case of close heterosexual relationships
- Gender differences in Mental Health
- Biological Theories of Gender
- Gender and Emotion Expression: A Developmental Contextual Perspective
Gender differences in perceptions of emotionality: The case of close heterosexual relationships
Collabra: Psychology 1 January ; 5 1 : Shared rationality is the common ground of scientific progress. However, some theorists have argued that this common ground may not be level, in that subtle assumptions embedded within lay views of rationality marginalize some would-be participants. Specifically, feminist philosophers have argued that rationality is associated with male rather than female discourse. This claim has frequently been dismissed as incoherent, but a straightforward interpretation is readily available: The concept reason is semantically associated with the concept male.
Previous research suggests some support for the stereotype that women are the more emotional gender, but very little research has examined whether women are more emotional than men in the context of close relationships. We examined gender differences in reports of emotions experienced and expressed in close heterosexual relationships. A sample of couples at different stages of relationship involvement , most of whom were white and from middle-class backgrounds, responded to a list of 25 positive and negative emotions three times. Participants indicated how often they experienced the emotions, how often they expressed the emotions, and how often they believed their partner experienced the emotions all in the past month. Women reported experiencing several emotions to a greater frequency than men, regardless of degree of relationship involvement. Further, women reported being more emotionally expressive than men in dating and more advanced e. Finally, women believed that they were generally more emotional than men, whereas men believed that women were more emotional in the experience of negative but not positive emotions.
Gender differences in Mental Health
Handbook of the Sociology of Emotions pp Cite as. In this chapter we consider the relation between gender and emotion, particularly as that connection is expressed in stereotyping, power relations, and sexuality. We propose two useful theoretical frameworks for investigating the gender-emotion link. The first, expectation states theory Berger et al. The second, doing emotion as doing gender Shields , , can be used to explain connections among beliefs about emotion, emotional experience, and a gendered sense of self.
Kira S. Birditt, Karen L. This study examines age and gender differences in descriptions of emotional reactions and reports of the intensity and duration of those emotional responses to interpersonal tensions. As part of a larger study, 85 male and female participants aged 13 to 99 described the last time they were upset with members of their social networks. Participants then described how they felt and rated the intensity and duration of their distress. Participants' reported emotions were grouped by use of theoretically derived categories and empirically derived post hoc categories. Three emotion categories were examined: anger, sadness, and nonspecific negative emotions.
This could be because, when asked, women are more likely to report symptoms of common mental health problems. The reasons for this are unclear, but are thought to be due to both social and biological factors. It has also been suggested that depression in men may have been under diagnosed because they present to their GP with different symptoms, for example a range of physical, stress related symptoms. National Institute For Clinical Excellence, Women are twice as likely to experience anxiety as men. The Office for National Statistics Psychiatric Morbidity report, Differences in the extent of mental health problems Mental health problems affect women and men equally, but some are more common among women. Treatments need to be sensitive to and reflect gender differences. Various social factors put women at greater risk of poor mental health than men.
Biological Theories of Gender
By Saul McLeod , published People often get confused between the terms sex and gender. Sex refers to biological differences between males and females.
Caroline Michele Lisee, Justin S.
Gender and Emotion Expression: A Developmental Contextual Perspective
Small but significant gender differences in emotion expressions have been reported for adults, with women showing greater emotional expressivity, especially for positive emotions and internalizing negative emotions such as sadness. But when, developmentally, do these gender differences emerge? And what developmental and contextual factors influence their emergence?
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