Key Concepts And Principles Of Person Centred Counselling Pdf

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Person-centred therapy, also known as person-centred or client-centred counselling, is a humanistic approach that deals with the ways in which individuals perceive themselves consciously, rather than how a counsellor can interpret their unconscious thoughts or ideas. Created in the s by psychologist Carl Rogers, the person-centred approach ultimately sees human beings as having an innate tendency to develop towards their full potential. However, this ability can become blocked or distorted by certain life experiences, particularly those experiences which affect our sense of value.

By Saul McLeod , updated Humanistic therapies evolved in the USA during the s.

The Person-Centred Approach to Counselling

In the s, Rogers proposed a form of therapy that focused on the clients' experience of themselve s, as opposed to the counsellor being an expert and telling them what to do, or what was wrong with them. Given the right relationship with the therapist, clients can decide what they want to do with their lives. To this end, person-centred therapy is a personal growth model also known as non-directive therapy. The client is not taught the model of therapy or asked to undertake homework. This basically means trusting your own judgement and living your life in line with your own values, rather than with the values of others. Rogers produced a valuable body of work which includes theories such as:. He named this process ' the internal locus of evaluation '.

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A person-centred approach is where the person is placed at the centre of the service and treated as a person first. The focus is on the person and what they can do, not their condition or disability. A person-centred approach should support and enable a person to build and keep control over their life. Person-Centred vs System-Centred This short video highlights the difference between person-centred and system-centred services. What does person-centred care mean for mental health services?

Rogers and the Development of Person-Centred Therapy

In recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in social work towards relationship-based practice. In this article, we discuss the conceptualisation of relationship-based practice from a person-centred point of view and its applicability to contemporary social work. It will be shown that the person-centred point of view has a meta-theoretical basis that makes it incompatible with modern statutory social work practice. First, we outline the theoretical and philosophical underpinnings of the person-centred approach and argue that a potential conflict lies at the heart of the contemporary social workers' capacity to truly accommodate person-centred theory. Next, the resurgence of interest in relationship-based practice, paying particular attention to the person-centred approach, is considered within the context and influence of risk management, managerialism and consumerism on social work. We then challenge the assumption that relationship-based social work founded on the person-centred approach legitimately supports service users' ability and capacity towards self-determination.

Person Centered Therapy

This is why person-centred care is so important. The health and social care sector is increasingly adopting a person-centred care approach, and rightly so. Not only does it help patients receive better quality care, but it also improves healthcare settings as a whole. As a carer, you should learn about the benefits of providing person-centred care and how to apply it in practice. Person-centred care is one of the 13 fundamental standards of care that the Care Quality Commission the independent regulator of health and social care in England requires healthcare providers to meet.

Rogers maintains that therapists must have three attributes to create a growth-promoting climate in which individuals can move forward and become capable of becoming their true self: 1 congruence genuineness or realness , 2 unconditional positive regard acceptance and caring , and 3 accurate empathic understanding an ability to deeply grasp the subjective world of another person. In being authentic, the therapist shows they are trustworthy, which helps in building a good therapeutic relationship with the client. It also serves as a model for clients, encouraging them to be their true selves, expressing their thoughts and feelings, without any sort of false front. Each client is accepted and valued for who they are, as they are, without stipulation.

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