Active Directory Tips And Tricks Pdf

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This recently happened to me when I was asked to give some advice concerning an issue an organization was having with replication in their Active Directory environment. The organization wanted to put some firewalls in place between the networks located in each country while still allowing Active Directory to function properly with the idea that if the network in Country X was compromised the damage could be contained, and Active Directory in the remaining countries would remain unaffected. He asked me if I had any suggestions or recommendations on how to implement such a solution, and I said that I vaguely remembered reading something and would get back to him soon.

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While users are still debating about the usability of Windows 8, administrators are worrying about the use of Windows Server , which is available either tiled or totally without a GUI on request.

Underneath its new clothes, the new Windows Server variant has treasures to offer, as shown by the following tricks. Windows Server R2 in part already allowed administrators to manage the network with Server Manager.

However, that was all fairly rudimentary. For example, Server Manager in Windows Server R2 could not install roles over the network, and the management of server roles was not very efficient. Windows Server is vastly improved. For example, in Windows Server , you can install server roles and features over the network on other servers Figure 1.

Microsoft has combined the wizards for installing server roles and features into a single wizard. This approach makes the process easier and faster because only a single install is necessary.

Server Manager automatically groups installed server roles together with the appropriate servers. Server Manager lists management tools directly in the Tools menu, and you can even edit the Tools menu.

Server Manager shows all of the links in this area in the Tools menu. At this point, you can add more links, remove links, and even create a folder structure. In the window, you can then search for servers, so you can manage them in your local Server Manager.

In this way, you also create your own groups of servers, which you can combine in Server Manager. You can then view event messages for these groups. Note that you can only install server roles and features if you have previously connected to the appropriate server. Windows Server can combine up to 32 compatible network cards in teams without additional tools.

During setup, you can select whether you want to use the individual adapters in the team as standby adapters to improve availability, or whether you want to combine the speed of the adapters to increase performance. You can only combine Ethernet connections in teams.

Bluetooth and WLAN are not supported. Additionally, all network cards must be connected with the same speed. By default, NIC Teaming is disabled. To enable the feature, click on the Disabled link. A new window will appear. Here, in the lower right area you can see which network adapters in the server are compatible with NIC teaming. The Properties link lets you define additional settings for your NIC team.

Core servers also support NIC teams. You can handle the setup either with Server Manager on another server, or you can use PowerShell.

A list of comma-separated NICs is required here. Windows Server removes the IP binding from the physical network interface cards and binds them to the new virtual adapter which the wizard created for the team. If the team and the associated adapters are shown as active , you can adjust the network settings for the team.

To do this, open the adapter settings by entering ncpa. You can then see the new team. On Hyper-V hosts you can create multiple virtual switches on the basis of the various physical adapters and then create NIC teams within virtual servers.

They use the individual virtual switches of the Hyper-V host as their basis. In Windows Server , Microsoft has optimized the use of virtual domain controllers.

In contrast to previous versions, snapshots and cloned domain controllers no longer pose a risk to the entire Active Directory. To virtualize and also clone your domain controllers optimally, at least the following conditions must be met:. To discover whether the virtualization solution you use supports the new VM generation ID, check out the Device Manager on a virtualized server with Windows Server The driver for system devices must be the Microsoft Hyper-V Generation Counter with the vmgencounter.

This cmdlet checks whether there are applications on the virtual server that do not support cloning. If the cmdlet discovers incompatible services, for example, the DHCP service or an antivirus scanner, a message appears telling you this.

The configuration for cloning is created in the DCCloneConfig. After creating the DCCloneConfig. You can only clone source domain controllers that are members of the Clonable domain controllers group in Active Directory.

You also can only clone domain controllers that are not switched on. That is, you must shut down the appropriate domain controller before you can clone it. Windows modifies the name of the file to show that a cloning process has taken place. Change the name back to DCCloneConfig.

Next, you can either create a new virtual machine and use the copied hard drive, or you can import the exported server with the Hyper-V Manager or PowerShell. When you import, select the option Copy the virtual machine. When you start the domain controller, it parses the DCCloneConfig.

You will also receive a corresponding message when Windows starts up Figure 3. Many of the tasks that are part of the basic server configuration can be handled directly in Server Manager. To do this, click on Local Server. In the middle panel you will see the different tasks and can launch the corresponding wizards by clicking on the links. Normally you need Internet Explorer to install drivers.

In Windows Server , advanced security is automatically enabled for Internet Explorer, which can interfere with downloading the drivers. In the dialog box that then appears, disable the option for Users or Administrators only.

After advanced security is disabled, you should be able to download drivers with no trouble. Installing the tools on a workstation with Windows 8 gives you all of the administration tools you need for managing Windows Server Using Server Manager, you can connect the various servers on which Windows Server is installed to the network.

You also can use Server Manager on a Windows 8 workstation to install server roles on servers. The Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8 include Server Manager, management tools for server roles and features of Windows Server , PowerShell cmdlets, and command-line tools for the management of roles and features.

The Remote Server Administration Tools can be downloaded as a. In the window, you can then search for servers and manage them in your local Server Manager. Every installation of Windows Server has a Server Core as its basis. This provides all the essential command-line management tools, but it lacks all of the graphical management tools. You need to manage the server via some other server or with the Remote Server Administration Tools on Windows 8.

During the installation, you can also opt to install Server Core mode. After the installation, you can easily install the management tools and the graphical interface on Windows Server New in Windows Server , besides the ability to install the graphical management tools on Server Cores, is the Minimal Server Interface. This installs the most important management tools for the graphical interface but is missing additional applications, such as Media Player, Explorer, and Internet Explorer.

The desktop is also missing with this option. Many of the programs from the Control Panel and most of the administration tools for server roles and features, do work. The Minimal Server Interface is an intermediate stage between Server Core and servers with a graphical interface. You can uninstall the graphical interface either in Server Manager or PowerShell. The Remove features page has a User Interfaces and Infrastructure field with three options:.

When you install a Core Server, the server is also missing the binaries for installing the graphical interface. You will need either to configure an Internet connection for the server for the installation so that you can download the required data from Windows Update, or you need to enter the folder with the Windows Server installation files.

Use the following commands in PowerShell:. Veeam, the well-known vendor of virtual server backup tools, offers a free tool that lets you parse the backup of virtual Exchange Servers and restore individual objects single-item recovery.

Normal servers can also be backed up and restored in the same way. The basis for this tool is the Veeam Backup Free Edition product. The backup software lets you back up virtual servers without any downtime — and not just virtual Exchange servers. If you connect a SCVMM server to Veeam backup, the software can automatically scan all the attached servers and back up the virtual servers stored on them Figure 4.

The software not only backs up individual virtualization hosts but specializes in backing up the virtual servers. You can discover the status of Active Directory replication in PowerShell with the commandlet. To view the individual sites and the domain controllers at these sites, use these two commandlets:. To view the replication connections in the PowerShell, use the command get-adreplicationconnection.

Other interesting commandlets include:. Hyper-V replicas in Windows Server and Hyper-V Server let you replicate and synchronize virtual hard disks and complete virtual servers asynchronously between various Hyper-V hosts on the network.

A cluster is not required. You can perform the replications manually, automatically, or on the basis of a schedule.

If a Hyper-V host fails, the replicated servers can be switched online. To make a Hyper-V host available for replicas, you will first need to enable and configure this option on the appropriate server in the Hyper-V Settings Replication Configuration feature. Here, you define the data traffic and the servers from which the current server accepts replicas.

Thus, you need to enable this feature first on all Hyper-V hosts.

How to Operate Active Directory: Tips & Tricks

The table in this wiki doc contains the books relevant for admins and is ordered by category. We are looking for new authors. Read 4sysops without ads and for free by becoming a member! Tags: azure , eBook , microsoft , powershell. You received member points. To write code click the "Insert Code" button at the end of the toolbar! Your email address will not be published.

An active directory is a directory structure used on Microsoft Windows based servers and computers to store data and information about networks and domains. Forest is used to define an assembly of AD domains that share a single schema for the AD. The contents such as users, group policy, etc. Kerberos is an authentication protocol for network. What other folders are related to AD?

In this article I will share my tips on, design, naming conventions, automation, AD cleanup, monitoring, checking Active Directory Health and much more. Having good OU design will make implementing and managing group policies much easier. Does your helpdesk need to reset passwords, add and remove computers from the domain? Do you need non admins to manage groups? Does HR need access to update user accounts? Modifying user accounts, using LDAP queries, reporting and bulk changes are all common administrative tasks.


How to Operate Active Directory: Tips & Tricks Aaron T. Suzuki Consulting Engineer Microsoft Corporation What to Expect from this Presentation Specific to​.


57 Tips Every Admin Should Know

The longer a person serves as a network admin, the more tips and tricks they are likely to pick up along the way. Some could be shortcuts, others might seem like magic, but all are intended to save you time and help you solve problems. Assume that all of these Windows commands should be run from an administrative command prompt if you are using Vista, Windows 7, or Windows

You may have been following our series of blog posts on Active Directory basics and best practices that all kinds of IT specialists, from beginners to experienced IT administrators, found useful and insightful. Today, we compiled a list of all these blog posts so you can easily find the Active Directory topic you are interested in. This tutorial is a perfect tool to learn Active Directory step-by-step. What sources — blogs, forums etc — do you use to learn more about Active Directory?

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4 Response
  1. Lisiate C.

    Note to Reader: This book presents tips and tricks for Active Directory troubleshooting topics. For ease of use and for cross referencing, the questions are.

  2. Robert L.

    While users are still debating about the usability of Windows 8, administrators are worrying about the use of Windows Server , which is available either tiled or totally without a GUI on request.

  3. Rinaldo C.

    I have been wanting to do an Active Directory Tips and Tricks post for troubleshooting and proper setup for some time now and so after a nice relaxing weekend I decided to work this up for the community.

  4. Danielle W.

    In this article I will share my tips on, design, naming conventions, automation, AD cleanup, monitoring, checking Active Directory Health and much more.

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