Characteristics Of Open And Distance Learning Pdf

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Open and Distance Learning (ODL)

The discussion is preceded by a conceptual examination of the relations and interrelations between the distance education and open learning terms.

Der Diskussion geht eine konzeptionelle Untersuchung der Beziehungen zwischen den Begriffen Fernunterricht und offenes Lernen voraus. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Rent this article via DeepDyve.

Bailey, D. In: N. Paine, ed. London: Kogan Page. Google Scholar. Barker, B. The American Journal of Distance Education 3 1 : 20— Bates, T. Delivery and New Technology. Carr, R. Open Learning: An Imprecise Term. ICDE Bulletin 47— Casas-Armengol, M. In: M. Croft, I. Mugridge, J. Daniel and A. Hershfield, eds. Caracas: ICDE proceedings. Coffey, J. Coldevin, G. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication 14 1 : 4— Daniel, J. Distance Education and National Development.

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Lewis, R. The Open School. Miller, G. Naidu, S. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication 17 3 : — Paine, N. Parer, M. Development, Design and Distance Education. Victoria: Center for Distance Learning. Peters, O. Sewart, D. Keegan and B. Holmberg, eds. London: Croom Helm. Rasmussen, W. Rossetti, A. Open Learning and the Youth Training Scheme. Rumble, G.

On Defining Distance Education. American Journal of Distance Education 3 2 : 8— Open Learning 4 2 : 28— Sunshine, K. Download references. Reprints and Permissions. Int Rev Educ 39, — Download citation. Issue Date : July Search SpringerLink Search. Immediate online access to all issues from Subscription will auto renew annually. References Bailey, D. Authors Sarah Guri-Rozenblit View author publications.

Rights and permissions Reprints and Permissions. About this article Cite this article Guri-Rozenblit, S.

Distance learning

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Distance education , also called distance learning , is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school. Today, it involves online education. A distance learning program can be completely distance learning, or a combination of distance learning and traditional classroom instruction called hybrid [3] or blended. One of the earliest attempts was advertised in This was in the Boston Gazette for "Caleb Philipps, Teacher of the new method of Short Hand ", who sought students who wanted to learn through weekly mailed lessons. The first distance education course in the modern sense was provided by Sir Isaac Pitman in the s, who taught a system of shorthand by mailing texts transcribed into shorthand on postcards and receiving transcriptions from his students in return for correction.

Student characteristics and knowledge on ODL concepts at first registration: A case study from OUSL

The discussion is preceded by a conceptual examination of the relations and interrelations between the distance education and open learning terms. Der Diskussion geht eine konzeptionelle Untersuchung der Beziehungen zwischen den Begriffen Fernunterricht und offenes Lernen voraus. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

The mixed-media is in use for the courseware- such as radio and television, video, print, audio cassette, telecommunications and computer-based learning and for pre-tested and up-to-date before use. Four characteristics distinguish distance learning. The next major advancement in educational technology came with the linking of computers through the Internet, which enabled the development of modern distance learning.

Differentiating between distance/open education systems-parameters for comparison

To print the story please do so via the link in the story toolbar. Distance learning is a popular trend, which incorporates the use of technology. It is changing the way education is viewed.

Distance learning

Are open-minded about sharing life, work, and educational experiences as part of the learning process. The online process requires students to utilize their experiences. Are able to communicate through writing. Students need to feel comfortable in expressing themselves in writing. Are self-motivated and self-disciplined. Taking distance education courses requires a real commitment and self-discipline to keep up with the flow of the process.

The concept of open and distance learning has the following characteristics [1] :. Log in. Page Discussion View source History. Jump to: navigation , search.

Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. Distance learning DL is not a new trend in the field of education. DL comprises teaching of students who not always are physically present in an educational institution. In the Arab region, there are three modes of distance learning institutions: dual mode, single mode, and virtual mode. A dual mode university is an institution that provides conventional and distance education simultaneously. A single mode university is an institution wherein distance education is the sole mission to which teachers and administrative staff are exclusively dedicated. More specifically, course development, instruction, evaluation and other educational processes are tailored to meet the needs of the distant learner.


PDF | Faced with the great changes occurring in the workplace as well as the challenges placed by the Information Society and by Key words: Learners Characteristics, Distance Education Guidelines: Using Open and Distance Learning.


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Distance learning , also called distance education, e-learning , and online learning , form of education in which the main elements include physical separation of teachers and students during instruction and the use of various technologies to facilitate student-teacher and student-student communication. Distance learning traditionally has focused on nontraditional students, such as full-time workers, military personnel, and nonresidents or individuals in remote regions who are unable to attend classroom lectures. However, distance learning has become an established part of the educational world, with trends pointing to ongoing growth. An increasing number of universities provide distance learning opportunities. A pioneer in the field is the University of Phoenix , which was founded in Arizona in and by the first decade of the 21st century had become the largest private school in the world, with more than , enrolled students. It was one of the earliest adopters of distance learning technology, although many of its students spend some time in classrooms on one of its dozens of campuses in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico. A precise figure for the international enrollment in distance learning is unavailable, but the enrollment at two of the largest public universities that heavily utilize distance learning methods gives some indication: in the early 21st century the Indira Gandhi National Open University, headquartered in New Delhi , had an enrollment in excess of 1.

Distance learning , also called distance education, e-learning , and online learning , form of education in which the main elements include physical separation of teachers and students during instruction and the use of various technologies to facilitate student-teacher and student-student communication. Distance learning traditionally has focused on nontraditional students, such as full-time workers, military personnel, and nonresidents or individuals in remote regions who are unable to attend classroom lectures. However, distance learning has become an established part of the educational world, with trends pointing to ongoing growth.